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William BLACK



The first Mr. Weldon left London for Halifax in 1760. The vessel in which he sailed was wrecked on the coast of Portugal. Returning to London in 1761, he found his wife and family had sailed for Halifax, where he joined them in the fall of the same year. The next year he settled at Hillsboro, now Albert County, N.B., whence he removed to Dorchester in the year 1780. He had children named Andrew, John, and Thomas.

Andrew and John remained on the farm of their father, just on the borders of the village. The children of Andrew are named Mary, Elizabeth, John, Thomas, William, Gideon, Ovid, Esther, Judith, Amos, and Ephraim, and are somewhat scattered, though most of them reside in the County of Westmorland. In Chapter 8 there is notice of the first John's family whose wife's name was Black. Thomas, the first, left several daughters who have families. Their husbands bore the several names of Harper, Church, Palmer, Brooks, Stuart.

John, a son of the first Thomas Weldon, lives at Dorchester, and has children.


Another large and respectable family, whose posterity is widely spread through the Dominion, and particularly at the head of the Bay of Fundy, will be noticed. This reference is to the posterity of William Freeman, who came from England, not far from the year 1765. If so, he was here several years before these people came from Yorkshire. He married Jerusha Yeomans about the time of or very shortly after their arrival in America. Their children consisted of five sons and nine daughters. One of the sons died in infancy. The survivors were named Sarah, William and Jerusha--twins--Samuel, Joshua, Elizabeth, Dorothy, Martha, Philip, Hannah, Ann, Charlotte, and Rebecca.

Sarah, the eldest, was married to a Mr. Weatherhead. They lived at Westmorland, N.B., where they had a family of children.

William married Desiah Newcomb, of Horton. They had one son and seven daughters, named Permelia, Rufus, Olevia, Mary, Charlotte, Eunice, Margaret, and Desiah. Mrs. Freeman died in 1811. Mr. Freeman was again married, to Sarah Dimock, sister of Rev. Joseph Dimock and Rev. George Dimock. By the second marriage there were three sons and three daughters, named Jane, Daniel, Joseph, Matilda, G. William, and Elizabeth. The youngest two sons and their children own and live on the farm he left, which is a valuable property. The youngest son, George William, is particularly ingenious, and has invented considerable machinery.

Rufus, the only son of the first wife, was engaged in mercantile pursuits. He was highly esteemed, and died when a young man. He built the first part of the Lamy Hotel.
Jerusha, the twin sister with William, jr., was married to James Hewson. They lived at Jolicure, New Brunswick, and had children.

Samuel, the second son, owned an excellent farm, and prospered beyond most of farmers. His youngest son now owns and lives on the farm. The names of the children of Samuel Freeman, 1st, were Emily, James, Elizabeth, Jacobina, George, and Samuel. The last named is the only survivor.

Joshua Freeman married Elizabeth Black, the eldest child of the second wife of the first named William Black. At the age of 42 years he moved, with his numerous family, to Upper Canada, now Ontario. More particulars of this family are given in Chapter 7 of this work.

Elizabeth, the third daughter of William Freeman, was married to George Wells, of Point de Bute, where they lived and raised a respectable family. The eldest daughter was married to Joseph Avard, Esq. The second daughter, Sarah, was married to Rev. John Snowball. Three other daughters bore the names Permelia, Eliza, and Jane who, as well as their brothers, William, George, Samuel F., Lewis, James, and Joseph, all married respectably.

Dorothy, another daughter of William Freeman, was married to Jess Bent of Fort Lawrence. Their children were named Matilda, Ann, Susanna, Jane, William F., Samuel G., Torry, Jesse, and Lemuel. All married and had children.

Martha, another daughter of the first named William Freeman, was married to Lewis Kniffin Purdy. They settled at Amherst, and had three children named Rebecca, Susanna, and James. Susanna left no offspring. The children and grand-children of Rebecca and James reside at Amherst.

Philip inherited a portion of his father's property. He owned considerable land in the centre of what is now the town of Amherst, and about 60 years ago sold an acre to Rufus Freeman, where Lamy's Hotel stands, and an acre to the late Dr. Carritte, where the Bank of Nova Scotia stands, for forty pounds each. His dwelling house stood where Robb's foundry now stands, and, when built, was among the best in Amherst. About fifty years ago he removed with his family to Upper Canada. He married Rebecca Lynds of Truro.

The older portion of their children were named Thomas, Rebecca, Susanna, Benjamin, and Elizabeth. A few years since, Mrs. Freeman, then an aged widow, and her maiden daughter, Elizabeth, visited their friends at Truro.

Hannah, another daughter of the first named William Freeman, was married to a Mr. Cameron. They did not reside in Cumberland.

Ann, another daughter was married to Gaius Lewis, of Westbrook, Cumberland County. Mr. Lewis was a Justice of the Peace, and was for several years a member of the Nova Scotia Legislature.

Charlotte, another daughter, was married to Thomas Lusby, of Amherst, where they settled on a farm situated just on the suburbs of what is now the town. Their sons are named William, George, and Rupert. Their eldest, named John, died when a boy. They left no daughters.

Rebecca, the youngest daughter of the first named William Freeman, was murdered [Ed. Note: sic - s/b married?] to Daniel Blair, of Onslow, where they lived and had children. Mr. Blair was a carpenter.

William Freeman's eldest child was born in the year 1766 and the youngest in 1790. All have passed from earth, and left a large number of descendants, somewhat scattered, but chiefly living in Cumberland, and generally respected.


William Donkin settled at Westmorland. His children's names were Robert, William, Thomas, Barbara, and another.

Robert owned a good farm at Amherst, where he lived and was a zealous member of the Methodist Church. His wife's name was Janet Crawford. Her father was one of the grantees of Cumberland. They had two sons and six daughters: William Matthew, Jane, Sarah, Nancy, Charlotte, Margaret, and Ruth. William, the eldest son of Robert Donkin, married Susanna Fuller, of Horton. Their only son, Charles, is a Justice of the Peace, and lives at Amherst on the farm his father and grandfather owned. Matthew Donkin married Abigail McElman, and had a small family of children. Jane was married to David Bulmer and had several children. When advanced in life they moved to Ontario, leaving behind one son whose posterity are in Amherst. Ruth also removed to Ontario. Her husband's name was Elisha Card, a stone mason.

Sarah, daughter of Robert Donkin, was married to Noah Fuller. They had children. Nancy, another daughter, was married to Elisha Fuller. He lived at Amherst, where several of the descendants reside. Charlotte was married to Anthony Fillmore. They had four daughters, some of whose descendants are in Amherst. Margaret was married to William Logan, and lived in Amherst Point. They had no children.

William Donkin, 2nd, settled at Barronsfield and had several children. Some of them went to Prince Edward Island.

Thomas Donkin, son of the first William, owned and lived on a farm at River Philip. He had children, named Robert, John, Charles, Sophia, and Mary.

Robert was a member of the N.S. Legislature and a Justice of the Peace. Some of his sons are efficient train conductors. He and John live at River Philip. Sophia was married to Hiram Ferguson, a carpenter, who, later in life, kept hotel. They had a small family.
Mary was married to Thomas Lusby, of Amherst, who is a Justice of the Peace. They have three children.

Notice has already been made of Barbara Donkin, who was married to John Black.
The other daughter of the first William Donkin was married to John Ripley.


Thomas Lusby and Thomas Robinson united in buying a tract of marsh and upland lying at Amherst, from Lawrence Street to include the stream on which Lusby's mill has long stood. In dividing the property a division line was agreed upon. Now, says Mr. Robinson, "I would not give a dollar for choice; if you wish to give me a dollar you shall have your choice." Mr. Lusby gave the dollar and chose the portion with the stream, which has shown to be a wise choice. A grist mill was built on the stream, which has been profitable to them and a very great accommodation to the community. While many mill-owners have been charged with dishonesty, the Lusby mill has always been above suspicion.

The first Thomas Lusby had children, named John, Luther, Thomas, Thomason, Elizabeth, Hannah, Charlotte and Nancy. The last two were never married. The daughter Thomason was married to Thomas Embree, Elizabeth to Edward Baker, Esq., and Hannah to Matthew Stuart. John was lame, and was miller as long as his health permitted. He was never married.

Luther married Mary Embree. They had three sons and six daughters: Thomas, John C., and Samuel, Charlotte, Sarah, Mary, Permelia, Elizabeth, and Hannah.

Thomas, as noticed elsewhere, married Mary Donkin, of River Philip. John C. married a Miss Purdy, daughter of Gilbert Purdy, Esq., and lives on the old place, and has sons and daughters. Samuel married Caroline Smith, of Amherst, and died when a young man, leaving one son. His widow lives on and owns a portion of the old farm. The daughters of Luther Lusby were married to Amos Black, Esq., William H. DeWolfe, Samuel O'Donnel, Torry Bent, Dr. B. Page, and Otis DeWolfe.

Thomas, son of the first Thomas Lusby, married Charlotte Freeman, of Amherst. They left three sons, named William, George, and Rupert. William Married Mary Oxley, of River Philip. They have three daughters. George married Almira, daughter of Josiah Black. There are three daughters and a son. Rupert married Ellen Robb, and has five sons.


Thomas Robinson married Nancy Chapman, and died leaving a widow who was married to James Roberts, of which notice appears in the reference to the Chapman family.


William Chapman came from England, and settled at Point de Bute. His children were William, Thomas, John, Henry, Mary, Jane, Polly, and Nancy.

William Chapman, 2nd, married a daughter of the first Charles Dixon, and settled at Fort Lawrence. Their sons, Henry and John, and a daughter who was married to John Greeno, settled at the place now called Chapman Settlement when it was wilderness, and soon made great improvements. Thomas Chapman also owned a fine farm at Fort Lawrence. He had sons named James, David, Thomas, Philip, Martin, and Benjamin. James resided at Coverdale. David settled at Dorchester, Thomas at Amherst, where he was major of militia; Philip at Shediac, where he was Justice of the Peace. Benjamin remained on the old farm, at Fort Lawrence. One of his sons is a Methodist minister, another is a Justice of the Peace.

Thomas Chapman, the first, had two daughters. One was married to Robert McG. Dickey who was a Justice of the Peace and represented first the township of Amherst, afterwards the County of Cumberland in the Provincial Assembly. His son, R. B. Dickey, is a very prominent lawyer and Senator of the Dominion Parliament. The other daughter of the first Thomas Chapman was married to John Morse and afterwards to Ichabod Lewis of Moncton. John Chapman married Sarah Black. (Particulars in Chap. 6). Henry Chapman, son of the first named William, married a Miss Seaman of Wallace. Their sons, who were very muscular and of large physique, were Henry, Stephen, Thomas, Joseph, and Smith.

Henry and Stephen remained at Point de Bute on their father's farm. Stephen moved to Sussex some years after his marriage. Both these brothers married daughters of Samuel Freeze, Esq., of Sussex. Thomas married Rebecca Purdy. While single he lived many years with his aunt, Mrs. Roberts, at Amherst, and she left a valuable property to him, on which he settled. One of his sons is a Justice of the Peace. Smith Chapman's residence was in Kings County, N.B. A daughter of the first Henry Chapman was married to Martin Bent, 2nd, of Fort Lawrence.

Mary, daughter of the first William Chapman, was married to George Taylor, of Memramcook--now Rockland. Their children were intelligent, and respected. Sally, another daughter, was married to Richard Black, as noticed in Chap. 4. Nancy was married first to Thomas Robinson, and again to James Roberts by whom there were no children.

Jane was married to John Smith.

John Smith came from England when a young man. He married Jane, daughter of the first William Chapman, and owned and lived on a valuable farm at Fort Lawrence. He had nine athletic sons, named John, William, Nathaniel, Thomas, Benjamin, Robert, Joseph, Henry, and James. There was a daughter, also, who was married to Israel Embree, whose descendants are well and favorably known.

John Smith, 2nd, settled at Shepody, now Albert County. He was a member of the New Brunswick Legislature, and Justice of the Peace. William's home was at Maccan. Thomas, Benjamin, and Henry settled at Shinimicas, where the virgin soil was excellent, and they turned the wilderness into valuable farms. Nathaniel settled at Point de Bute, where members of his family reside. Joseph, Robert, and James remained at Fort Lawrence, where some of their children live and are farming.


William Freeze was one of those who left old England for the new America. His wife's name was Bulmer. They lived upon the farms now owned by the Messrs. Keillor at Amherst Point. They also owned other lands adjoining and a large area of marsh. The marsh at that time grew grass of inferior quality, and it was the almost universal opinion that it was destined to nothing better. Mr. Freeze sold this property and bought a large one at Upper Sussex, N.B., now Penobsquis, where he settled his four sons on good farms containing, besides the upland, a large area of interval. The names of his children were Miriam, Mary, Samuel, William, John, and Charles.

Miriam, the eldest daughter, was married to Matthew Fenwick who owned a large property at Southampton, where the Harrisons now live. He removed to Studholm, Kings Co., N.B.

Mary, the second daughter of William Freeze, was married to Thomas S. Black of Amherst. (Full particulars in Chap. 5.)

Samuel Freeze was married three times and had twenty-one children. He was several times elected a member of the New Brunswick Legislature. His son Nelson is now the high sheriff of Kings Co., N.B. His son-in-law, George Ryan, also was, for many years, a member of the Legislature and had subsequently a seat in the Dominion Parliament.
William, John, and Charles, sons of the first named William Freeze, were all married and raised intelligent and respectable families, some of the members of which have filled important stations. Matthew McLeod, a grandson of Matthew Fenwick, was for many years a member of the New Brunswick Legislature.


Thomas Bowser, who arrived in America in 1774, settled at Sackville, N.B., on a large farm that became very valuable. Two sisters came at the same time and subsequently were married, one to John Smith of Parrsboro, the other to a Mr. Hutchinson who settled at Musquodoboit.

The names of the children of Thomas Bowser were: Thomas, Ebenezer, Richard S., George, Joseph, William, Benjamin, John and Layton. There were three daughters. One was married to John Smith, 2nd, of Parrsboro, another to a Mr. Boyd, who died leaving a small family. The youngest of Thomas Bowser's children, Ann, was married to Christopher Humphrey of Sackville.

Thomas Bowser, 2nd, married a Miss King and settled on Cole's Island; Ebenezer at Beech Hill; Richard S., Joseph, and John on the old farm; William and Benjamin at Fairfield, Sackville. George died when in middle age. He was not married. Thomas, Richard S., and William had large families. Joseph and Benjamin also had children. Ebenezer and John had no children. Layton died when in middle life, leaving a small family.


Christopher Richardson came also from Yorkshire. He lived at Sackville, near where the Salem Baptist Meeting House stands. One son and one daughter were left in England. Others of his children were named Christopher, Joseph Providence, Elizabeth, Charlotte; another named Timothy died when a young man.

Christopher, 2nd, had children, named Joseph, Christopher, Timothy, John, Sarah, Mary, and Charlotte. Joseph Providence was born on the passage from England, and was named Joseph for the captain, and Providence for the ship they sailed in. His children bore the names Charlotte, George, Sarah, John, Fanny, Charles; also Jane, who died aged about 40 years, and Christopher who died when a youth.

Elizabeth, daughter of the first Christopher Richardson, was married to the first Gabriel Purdy, of Westchester Mountains, and had a family of children. Some of them bore the names Jacob, Henry, Elijah, David, and Gilbert. Charlotte was married to a Mr. Horton, and lived at Sackville. They had three sons, named John, Samuel, and Amasa.

A large portion of the first Christopher Richardson's posterity remain at Sackville, N.B.


This family consisted of three brothers and two sisters: Christopher, John, William, Jane, and Mary. John lived at a part of Moncton now called Lewisville, and owned a valuable mill property. He was never married. Christopher owned a good farm at Sackville, N.B. He married Ann Bowser. They had no children. William married a Miss Trueman, and owned a carding machine at Amherst and one at Maccan, besides a farm at each place. He sold the farms, and bought a valuable one at Sackville, N.B., which his son Harmon occupies. Jane Humphrey was married to John Morice, who owned the valuable establishment at Sackville called Morice's Mills. Mary Humphrey was married to Charles Dixon, who sold his valuable farm at Sackville to William Humphrey and moved west, having embraced the Mormon faith.


Charles Dixon, on his arrival in America, bought over 2,000 acres of land at Sackville, where he settled. He left the property to his sons, Edward and Charles. These two brothers had large families, some of the members of which occupy good positions. Edward married Mary Smith; Charles, Mary Humphrey. Their sisters, daughters of the first named Charles Dixon, were married to Dr. Rufus Smith of Westmorland, William Chapman, and Thomas Roach, of Fort Lawrence, Mr. Wilson of Dorchester, and George Bulmer, of Sackville.

Dr. Smith represented the County of Westmorland for many years, and Thomas Roach was also a representative of Cumberland, which situation he held for many years until he became advanced in life.

Edward Dixon had children named Charles, Edwin, John, William, Rufus, James D., Elizabeth, and Jane. Charles married Miss Boultenhouse; Edwin, Miss Anderson; James D., Miss Black; John died when young; William and Rufus removed from Sackville; Elizabeth was married to a Mr. Chubbeck; Jane to David Lyons, a master mariner.


Robert Atkinson, another emigrant from England, was married twice. The names of his first wife's children were Christopher, Joseph, John, Nancy, and Sarah. Those of the second wife were Amasa, Thomas, Robert, Andrew, William, Elizabeth, Jane, Olive, and Mary. All the second wife's children, except Amasa and Elizabeth, moved to the United States.

The first named Robert Atkinson owned a valuable farm at Sackville, on which some of his sons settled. Christopher sold to C. F. Allison, who built the male Academy on the site which has since been known as Mount Allison. Other portions of the old farm were sold, and are now occupied by the Methodist Church, the Female Academy, the College, and other buildings in connection with the Mount Allison institutions; also, Fawcett's foundry, and valuable residence.

Christopher Atkinson removed to Point de Bute, and had a large family of children. Joseph settled at Woodpoint, Sackville. Several of his sons were skilful master mariners. Nancy Atkinson was married to Christopher Richardson, of Sackville, Sarah was married to Richard S. Bowser, as noticed elsewhere. Elizabeth was married to Anthony Lowe. None of the descendants now live on the old farm.


The descendants of the Ripley family are numerous. Several brothers emigrated from Yorkshire, among whom were Henry, John, and William, who came to America together, and Joseph, Robert, and Thomas, who came afterwards. John was of a roving nature; William settled at Maccan; Joseph at River Philip; Robert at the eastern end of the county; one settled in the State of Massachusetts. Thomas was a school teacher.

Henry bought, for 600 pounds, 600 acres of marsh and upland at Nappan, where he settled. His wife's maiden name was Mary Fawcett, whose brothers settled at Sackville, N.B. They had sixteen children, four of whom died when young. They bore the names Susanna, Jane, Mary, John, Henry, Ruth, Robert, Rebecca, Isabella, Sarah, Joseph, and others.

Susanna was married to Amos Trueman, and lived at Truemanville. Jane was married to William Trueman, of Westmorland; Mary to Thomas Lowther. John and Henry, as well as the younger brothers Robert and Joseph, settled on the old farm at Nappan. Ruth was married to Matthew Coates, of Sussex; Rebecca was married to Thomas Smith, of Nappan; Isabel to James Shipley; and Sarah to William Pipes.

All these people have been removed by death, and their posterity are considerably scattered, but many of the descendants live in the County of Cumberland.


William and John Fawcett came from Yorkshire. William had two sons and a daughter, named William, John, and Mary. The sons settled on their father's farm at Upper Sackville. Mary was married to John Dobson, who removed to Sussex. All had children. William's consisted of a daughter and a son. The daughter was married to James George, who died a few years ago, leaving a respectable family of children. His widow still lives on the old farm. Her father, William Fawcett, was shot dead through the window of his house about the year 1831.

John, son of the first named William Fawcett, had two sons and two daughters, named Robert, John, Mary, and Nancy. The sons settled on farms at Sackville. Robert married a Miss Seaman, sister of the late Amos Seaman, of Minudie. John, son of the first named John Fawcett, married Jane Black. (Further particulars in Chap. 10.) Mary was married to Henry Ripley, of Nappan, and had a numerous family, as elsewhere noticed. Nancy was married to John Ogden, and had six children.


John Harrison came from England in the spring of 1774, and brought his wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Lovett, and some of the eldest children. They first settled at Barronsfield, Cumberland County. Their children's names were Luke, John, Thomas, and William. They also had five daughters, who were married to men of the names Brown, Lumney, Lodge, Lambert, and Furlong.

Luke and William Harrison settled on the south side of Maccan River, below Maccan Station, I. C. Railway. John also settled at Maccan, and Thomas at what is now called Southampton. William married a Miss Coates; Thomas a Miss Henry.


William Pipes and his wife also came from England, and settled at Nappan. They had two sons, William and Jonathan. William remained on the same farm and had four sons and two daughters, named William, Jonathan, John Parkinson, Amos Brown, Esther, and Mary. William had a family, and lived at River Philip. Jonathan went to Canada, and was captain of a steamboat. The other two sons resided at Nappan. J. Parkinson's children were named William, Caleb, Thomas, Jonathan, Richard, Elizabeth, Esther, Mary, and Nellie. William is a Justice of the Peace. J. Richard has been a County Councillor for two years, and was the first Warden of the County. The daughters of J. Parkinson Pipes were married, respectively, to Andrew Ripley, Henry Lowther, George Lowther, and a Mr. Weldon, of Maitland.

Esther, daughter of the first named William Pipes, was married to Rev. Samuel McCully, a Baptist minister. Their children's names were Cyrus, Mary, William, Samuel, Jonathan, Mary, Robert, Esther, Eliza Bell, and Hannah. Jonathan was elevated to the bench of the Supreme Court. Amos Brown's children were named William C., Jonathan, Rufus, and Hannah.

Jonathan, the other son of the first named William Pipes, owned a good farm at Amherst. He had one son and two daughters. The son Jonah was left in possession of the farm, which is now owned by persons not connected with the family. One of the daughters of Jonathan Pipes was married to Thomas Law Dickson, and lived at Amherst; the other was married to Charles Baker, and lived at Barronsfield. Both sisters had several children, a small number of whom are still living. Some of the descendants of William Pipes occupy prominent positions in the country.


William Trueman owned and lived on a farm at Point de Bute, which was of large area and valuable. His wife's name was Keillor. They had seven sons and three daughters. The daughters were married, respectively, to: Gilbert Lawrence, who settled at Upper Maccan; William Humphrey, of whom there is mention elsewhere; and George Glendenning of Warren. The sons of the first William Trueman were William, Harmon, John, Amos, Thomas, Robert, and Thompson. William and Amos married sisters, named Ripley. The wives of Harmon and Robert were named Bent; Thomas' wife was named Gore; John's Palmer; Thompson's, Mary Freeze.

All the children of the first William Trueman had children, some of them a large number, and the descendants are reputed steady, honest, and intelligent, some of them filling prominent situations in the country.


George Bulmer, when a young man, came from England with other emigrants. He married Susanna Dixon, and settled on a farm at Sackville, where he had a large family whose descendants are well known. He had sons, named Charles, James, George, Edward, Nelson, and William. His daughter, Jane, was married to William Smith, who settled at Maccan; Elizabeth was married to Henry McLellan; Ann to Joseph Bowser, of Sackville; Isabel to James Estabrooks, of Sackville; Mary to Benjamin Scurr, of Sackville.
The brothers, Charles, James, and Nelson, were farmers at Sackville. George settled at Port Elgin, and in the latter part of his life removed to Sackville. Edward lived at Hopewell, and William at Moncton.

George Bulmer had other brothers who came from England at different times afterwards and occupied various locations, among whom are William, John, and Joseph. One of these went to Albany, New York, and one of his descendants is a member of the N.Y. Legislature. Some of the descendants live at Nappan. One, J. T. Bulmer, is a lawyer, doing business at Halifax.


William Wells, the first, settled at Point de Bute, then called Prospect. His sons, William and George, remained at the same place. William married a Miss Allen, and had sons named Thomas Benjamin and William. The daughters were named Mary, Cynthia, Catherine, Sarah, and Marinda, and were married to Joseph Doherty, Isaac Doherty, James Trenholm, Alfred Jones, and Archie Hoar.

George, son of the first William Wells, married Elizabeth Freeman, of Amherst. Their children's names are given in another part of this chapter under the name Freeman.

The first William Wells had daughters, one of whom was married to Samuel Freeze, of Sussex. They had seven daughters, five of whom were married to persons residing at Westmorland. Samuel Freeze was twice married, subsequently, as stated elsewhere.

Another daughter of the first William Wells was married to George Chappell, of Bay Verte. They had a large family of children.


Thomas Read, another of the emigrants from Yorkshire, first settled on the west side of River Hebert. He had three sons and a daughter, named Thomas, Robert Cornelius, John, and Celia.

Thomas Read, 2nd, settled at Amherst Hill, and had children named James, John W., Celia, Mary, and Eliza. James settled at Nappan, and is a prosperous farmer. John W. settled on a small island near Amherst Point, and is in good circumstances. Thomas settled at Athol. Celia was married to Silas Mills. Mary was married to Joseph Ripley, of Nappan. Eliza was married to Job Pugsley, of Athol.

Robert Cornelius lived at River Philip, and married Sarah Shipley, of Maccan. They had three sons and three daughters, named Robert Colon, who is noticed in Chapter II; Stephen, who married Emily Thompson, of River Philip; Thomas, who married Annabel Wright, of P.E.I.; Mary, the eldest, who was married to John Wooler Oxley, of Tidnish; Elizabeth, the second daughter, to Richard Thompson, of River Philip; and Sarah, who died in early life.

John, the other son of the first mentioned Thomas Read, settled in Ontario.


John and Thomas Keillor came from England with their father. They also had a sister, who was married to William Trueman of Point de Bute, and is noticed elsewhere.

John Keillor settled at Dorchester, and married Elizabeth Weldon. They had children named Ann, who was married to David Chapman, of Dorchester; Mary, who was married to John Robb of Dorchester; Elizabeth, married to Nathaniel Gilbert; John, married to Mary Ann Riley, Margaret, to Andrew Read; Jane, to John Dickey; Sarah, to James Long; and Thomas, to Mary Jane Moore. All have died except Thomas, who is 83 years old.

John Keillor was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas.

Thomas Keillor settled at Amherst, on the farm previously owned by William Freeze. He also had many descendants. His sons' names were John and R. Coates, twins, William, Robert, and George.

John married a 1 Mrs. Haywood, and settled on a farm at what is now called Warren. Some of his children moved to Ontario.

R. Coates married and settled on a good farm at Point de Bute, and had a family of children. His wife died, and he married a second time.

William married Nancy Williams of Pugwash.

Robert Married Elsie Dobson.

George married a Miss Cummings.

Thomas Keillor had daughters, also, who were married to persons of the names: Robert Seaman, Jonah Pipes, James Horton, and Charles White.

One of C. White's sons was very ingenious. He invented a chair for President Garfield, on which he used to recline and rest after he had been shot, and which has become of very great financial value to the inventor.

William and George, sons of Thomas Keillor, moved to Ontario. About half of each of their children have removed thence to Michigan.


George Oxley came from Yorkshire to this country in the year 1774, with his wife and family (except his eldest son Stephen). He lived two years at Mount Whatley, Westmorland, and removed thence to River Philip, where he and several others procured 15,000 acres of land. Its situation is the south-west side of the cross-roads, and extended 1 1/2 miles each side of the river. Each person had 500 acres. His wife's maiden name was Mary Bowden. She was mentioned in an account of the conversion of William (afterwards Rev. William) Black, as one possessing sterling christian principles.

Mr. Oxley had four sons, named Stephen, George, John, and Joseph, but no daughters.
Stephen married in England, and afterwards removed to America. His wife died, leaving two sons and two daughters. He afterwards married Mrs. Stewart, mother of Alexander Stewart, who was for many years a prominent lawyer at Amherst, was several times elected a member of the Nova Scotia Assembly, and was subsequently Master of the Rolls. By this second marriage there was one son named Bowden.

George Oxley, the second, married Cynthia Bent, of Fort Lawrence. He settled at Wallace. His children bore the names: Eunice, Mary B., Arthusa, Joseph, H. Nelson, Georgianna, Almira, Cynthia Eliza, and Margaret Wooler.

Eunice and H. Nelson were not married. As stated in Chap. IV, Arethusa was married to Richard Black. Margaret W. was married to James Christie, of River Hebert, and had five sons and two daughters. Two of the sons, one of whom is a Justice of the Peace, live at River Hebert. The remaining three are doing an extensive business at Amherst, in the manufacture of caskets and coffins, and in lumber. The daughters of James Christie are not married.

John, son of the first George Oxley, settled at River Philip. He married Ann Baker, of Amherst. Their children were named Charles, Charlotte, Stephen, George, Benjamin, Mary, Edward, William John, and Joseph.

Joseph, the youngest son of the first George Oxley, married Elizabeth S. Black, as noticed in Chap. II.

At the same time these persons settled on their large area of land, salmon were plentiful, and many were taken at their doors, both by spear and hook. Moose and caribou were abundant, and within easy reach. Everything put into the ground grew without disease, and the people appeared to enjoy life, though living in comparative seclusion.

Some years previously to the arrival of those English people in this new country, several families removed from New England, and settled at the head of the Bay of Fundy. Some of these returned to their old home after the Revolutionary War. Some of those who remained are known by the names Gay, DesBarres, Morse, Barron, Huston, Baker, Bent, Chappell, Watson, Ayer, etc.

In the year 1763, Lord Amherst established three Townships in the County of Cumberland, which county embraced what is now Westmorland and Albert Counties. The western portion of these counties was a dense wilderness, and the western bounds of Cumberland had probably never been defined. All the remainder of what is now New Brunswick was the County of Sunbury.

The townships Lord Amherst established were Cumberland, Amherst, and Sackville. The Township of Cumberland embraced all the lands between the LaPlanche and the Au Lac, extending east to Bay Verte, and west to the Bay of Fundy, and comprising over 80,000 acres. The fort named Beausejour, that had a few years previously been taken from the French, was changed to Fort Cumberland, and several officers of the British Government were settled near the Fort. In this year a committee of seven was appointed to petition Governor Wilmot to admit Cumberland as a township and have the privilege of sending a member to the Assembly. The prayer was granted, and Joshua Winslow was the first representative.

Shortly after, Amherst and Sackville became townships, and obtained like privileges.
Several persons procured a grant in Cumberland Township extending to Bay Verte, and embracing 34,000 acres. One of these was Joseph Morse, the great grand-father of Judge Morse, of Amherst.

A grant of 15,750 acres was soon after obtained in the same township.
At this time large grants of land were offered in Nova Scotia by the British Government to parties upon the consideration that they settle the land. The land having been taken from the French a few years previous, fears were entertained of their return.

Colonel William Frederick Wallett DesBarres obtained 20,000 acres at Tatamagouche, 20,000 at Memramcook, and all Minudie, which he settled with French. Subsequently his title was disputed, and, in some cases, the DesBarres descendants gained; in others a compromise was made. Our Judge DesBarres is a grandson of the colonel, his father having been Governor of Nova Scotia.

Captain Franklin (afterwards Governor) had 20,000 acres at River Hebert which he settled with English. 20,000 acres between the Maccan and Nappan were granted to Captain Gmellin, which were settled by English.

Captain Barron got lands at Barronsfield. Charles Baker married a Miss Barron, and got possession of some of these lands. It was to Edward Barron, William Black, and Charles Baker that the Court House grounds were deeded in trust for the County of Cumberland, they being Judges of the Common Pleas. Two of Charles Baker's sons settled at Barronsfield and one lived at Amherst. Edward and William were Justices of the Peace, and Edward at one time represented the township of Amherst in the Assembly.

Amos Botsford resided at Westcock, Sackville. He was empowered by the British Government to get this country settled, and exerted himself in arranging the settlement of Sackville. His son, William was the only lawyer in Westmorland for many years and was subsequently appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of New Brunswick.

Colonel Joseph Morse, one of the grantees of land at Cumberland, had a son named Alpheus who settled at Cumberland and had five sons and three daughters. The eldest two sons--Alpheus and John--settled at River Philip. James Shannon, when young, left home to go to the United States. Calling at lawyer Botsford's, Mr. Botsford persuaded him to remain, and offered to take him as a student-at-law. Mr. Morse complied, and at an early age got his profession, and, for many years, was the only lawyer in Cumberland. He was elected several times to represent the township of Amherst in the Assembly, generally, by acclamation. He was also a member of the Legislative and Executive Councils of the province. Of his sons, one is a physician, and three were lawyers, one of whom is Judge of the County Court. Joseph Morse, son of Alpheus, 2nd, removed to the United States. Silas had two daughters. One was married to Dr. (now Sir Charles) Tupper, and the other to W. M. Fullerton, Queen's Counsel. The daughters of the first Alpheus Morse were married to William White, Esq., Mr. End, a lawyer, and Alexander Stewart, C. B., late Master of the Rolls. Mrs. Stewart is very aged, and the only survivor of the family.

Jesse and John Bent settled in Cumberland County, Jesse at Fort Lawrence and John at Amherst. One of John's sons--William White Bent--represented the township of Anherst in the Nova Scotia Assembly for many years.

Many of the Chappell descendants live near Bay Verte.

The Ayer descendants live in Westmorland and Albert.

Several other families came to this country immediately after the Revolutionary War, among whom was a Mr. Chandler who was Sheriff of Cumberland. His son, Charles H., succeeded him in that office, and Joshua, the eldest son of Charles H., followed his father in the same position. Edward B., another son of Charles H. Chandler, who became a prominent lawyer, lived at Dorchester. He, for many years, occupied a seat in the New Brunswick Assembly. He was also a member of the Legislative and Executive Councils, and finally was Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. Some of his sons reside in Westmorland County. His brother William was a lawyer and practised at Richibucto. Scarcely any of the Chandler family now live in Cumberland.

Three men named Purdy came to this country after the war,--Henry, Gabriel, and Gilbert. Henry settled at Fort Lawrence, and was Colonel of the Militia. He had sons named Elijah, Lewis Kniffin, James, Samuel, and Gilbert; also daughters. Elijah was a medical doctor, and, for many years, the only one of the profession residing at Amherst. Gilbert was Registrar of Deeds for Cumberland. His son, James E., now fills the office. The first Elijah Purdy settled at Westchester, and had sons named Peter, Gabriel, Jacob, Henry, Gilbert, and David. The last named is the only survivor. He is very aged and lives at Amherst with his son Amos, postmaster. The first Gilbert Purdy lived at Malagash.

Nathaniel Travis settled on a farm at Amherst and had a large family of children, who are somewhat scattered, but many reside at Amherst.

Nathaniel Travis had a brother, named Jeremiah, who came to St. John, N.B. Some of his descendants are in the legal and medical professions.

Samuel Embree lived at White Haven, New York. He was commander of the light horse dragoons, and owned valuable estate, which he forsook on account of his loyalty to the British crown, and settled at Amherst. He drew a yearly pension to the close of his life. He was very tall. His wife was very energetic. At one time she came from Eastport in a small schooner. The captain had the horrors and was incapable of managing the craft. No others were on board except a youth and Lawyer Botsford. They succeeded in securing the captain, and Mrs. Embree volunteered the helm, which she kept until she brought up safely at Aulac. She had been to sea before. Another exploit: A large whale was captured at Sharp's Creek and his mouth was opened and a prop set in, and Mrs. Embree rode in and around the prop. Had the fish been alive it might have swallowed both her and the horse, but it did not.

Mr. Embree had three sons and a daughter. The sons, Thomas and Israel, remained on the old farm at Amherst and Elisha settled at what is now Warren. The daughter, as before noticed, was married to Luther Lusby.


"Historical Record of the Posterity of William Black" Editor & Transcriber:
Carol Lee Dobson (Indiana)
"Historical Record of the Posterity of William Black" Proofreader: Laurence Moncrieff (Ontario)
Chignecto Etext Programme Coordinator: Claire A. Smith (Massachusetts)
Chignecto Project Electronic Edition, March 1999.

*This electronic edition is brought to you by the volunteers of The Chignecto Project, part of the Canada Genweb. The Chignecto Project's mission is to create easily-accessible electronic editions of genealogical and historical material for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick for the public domain. We have exercised all possible diligence to ensure the accuracy of this edition.

This edition is released to the public for not-for-profit use only, and for such use it may be freely distributed. For all other use, especially commercial, copyright applies and permission must be sought from The Chignecto Project, part of the Canada Genweb. The Chignecto Project is not legally liable for any errors or omissions that may have crept in; this electronic text is provided on an "as is" basis.

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